December 6, 2007



      At a late hour on Tuesday night the mob, numbering 4,000 or 5,000, made an attack upon the clothing-store of Messrs. Brooks Brothers, in Cath­arine-street, corner of Cherry. Sergeant Finney, of the Third Precinct, while in the discharge of his duty in endeavoring to protect the property of this establishment was knocked down, beaten on the head and body with clubs, and afterward shot in the hand by a pistol by one of the rioters. He was subsequently conveyed to the Station-house, where his wounds were dressed.  He is very severely injured, and no hopes are entertained of his recovery. Officer Daniel Fields, of the same Precinct, was knocked down and brutally beaten about the head and face at the same time.

      A man named John Matzel was shot and instantly killed. It is reported that he was one of the leaders of the mob, and that the ball which pierced his heart clime from a revolver in the hands of one of the Offi­cers of the law. He was in the act of entering the clothing-store at the time be met his death.

      Plunder seems to have been the sole object with the marauders in their attack upon the store of the Brooks. The fine ready-made clothing therein was tempting. Fortunately, the Police and the employees of the establishment successfully repelled the invaders before much property had been stolen. Three or four persons, whose names could not be ascertained, lost their lives at this place, and many others were badly injured.

      An unoffending citizen named Vex R. Fitch, was quietly walking through Warren-street, about ten o'clock on Tuesday night, when he was knocked down and beaten in a shocking manner by some unknown parties. After the infliction of this outrage they left the man in the middle of the street, evidently believ­ing him to be dead, and made good their escape. Mr. Fitch was picked up by some citizens and taken to a neighboring drug store, where his wounds were dressed. He was afterwards conveyed to his resi­dence in Eleventh-street, in a dying condition.




      At a late hour on Tuesday night the mob made an attack upon the tenement houses, occupied by colored people, in Sullivan and Thompson streets. For three hours, and up to two o'clock yesterday morning there was what may be truly said to be a "reign of terror" throughout all that portion of the City. Several buildings were fired, and a large number of colored persons were beaten so badly that they lay insensible in the street for hours after. Two colored children at No. 59 Thompson-street were shot and instantly killed. Men, women and children, in large numbers flocked to the Eighth Precinct Station-house for pro­tection, Over one hundred of them were there accommodated with temporary shelter.




      Late in the afternoon of Tuesday the hardware store of Aaron Haxter, situated at No. 78 Avenue B, was attacked by the rioters. The front doors were burst open, the windows of the building were all smashed with stone's and brickbats, and all the goods and valuables were taken away. The store was completely stripped, nothing of value being left. 

      Prom this place the mob repaired to the lock and gunsmith the store of John Wagner. No. 60 Avenue A. This was also broken open, sacked and robbed of the contents, and afterward the property was distributed among the rioters.

      Late on Tuesday night the tailoring establishment of Thomas Egan, on Avenue A, was forced open the mob, the doors and windows were all destroyed, and the place completely stripped of its contents.




      In the forepart of the day on Tuesday, a colored man was set upon by a party of men and boys in Leroy street and beaten on the head, face and breast with large clubs, until life appeared to be extinct. They then stripped him of his raiment and left him for dead. A few citizens afterward conveyed him to the residence in a benevolent lady where his wounds were dressed by a Surgeon, and everything possible was done to make the injured man comfort­able. His injuries are so serious, however, that it is impossible for him to recover.




      A colored man, named Pether Hubsted, 63 years of age, came to the Seventh Precinct yesterday, suffering from severe injuries received at his residence, No. 74 Roosevelt-street. His head and face were horribly mangled, and several of his ribs were broken. His house was burned down and all of his property stolen. He was conveyed to Bellevue Hospital in a dying condition.

      A colored man, named Thomas Lewis, aged 33 years, was conveyed to Bellevue Hospital in a dying state from the effects of a fracture of the skull and other injuries received by the mob at the corner of Market and Monroe streets.

      Officer Nixen of this Precinct, conveyed to Bellevue Hosptial, a boy named Kelly, aged 14 years, who was shot in the lower part of -the abdomen. The wound is believed to be fatal.

      The grocery-store of Henry Schloe, situated on the corner of Water and Governeur streets, was attacked by the mob, late on Tuesday night.  After the plunderers had robbed it of all its contents, they set it on fire.  Fortunately, the flames were extinguished by the firemen before they had communicated to the ad­joining buildings.




      Gov. Seymour has established his Headquarters at the St. Nicholas Hotel, where Gen. Wool resides, and he spent most of the day yesterday in consulta­tion with the General and with the City authorities as to the speediest mode of restoring the public peace.

      He feels confident that the mob has no organization, and regards them as roving lands of lawless des­peradoes bent on plunder. He is anxious that the people should follow the instructions set forth in his proclamation of Tuesday, and organize themselves into armed squads in their respective neighborhoods to protect their property and the peace of the City. The following letter, written by the Governor on Monday, may be of interest :

                                                                        New-York, 13th July, 1863.

      My Dear Sir :  I have received your note about the draft. On Saturday last sent my Adjutant-General to Washington for the purpose of urging a suspension of the draft, for I know that the City of New-York can furnish its full quota by volunteering.  I have received a dispatch from Gen. Sprague that the draft is suspended. There is no doubt that the conception is positioned. I learn this from a number of sources.  If I get any infor­mation or a change of policy at Washington, I will let you know. Truly yours,

                                                                        Horatio Seymour.

      Hon. Samuel Sloan, President of the Hudson River Railroad Company, New-York.

      The conjectures of the Governor contained in the above as to the postponement of the draft, were con­firmed yesterday by the following note received from Assistant Provost Marshal Nugent:




                                                                        New-York. July 15. 1863.

      The draft has been suspended in New-York City and Brooklyn.                  ROBERT NUGENT.

Colonel and Assistant Provost-Marshal-General.





      Late on Tuesday night, the rioters visited the house of Mr. Sinclair in Twenty-ninth street. They had been informed that this was the residence of Mr. Horace Greeley, and the threats of vengeance which were uttered were many and loud. Mr. Greeley had formerly boarded at this place, and the rioters believed the premises were his. The mob, numbering about a thousand, made a fierce attack on the build­ing, but for a time all their efforts to force the doors were useless. Meantime a young man named Hyde mounted the front stoop and addressed the crowd. He said, " I am a good Democrat, and am bitterly opposed to the draft ; but I do not wish to see private property destroyed. Mr. Greeley does not realize to here, and it is hard to see the private property of unoffending citizens wantonly destroyed. It is un­just to plunder end burn this residence simply be­cause Mr. Greeley once boarded here."

      The mob could not understand the justness of this speech, and young Hyde was at once seized by the leaders, hurled to the pavement and beaten by men, women and children in the most cruel and inhuman manner. Just at the time when Hyde was believed to be expiring, a man named Wilson, residing in Twenty-ninth-street, aged about 50 rears, was point­ed out as Mr. Greeley. The cry of " Greeley" rap­idly spread through the crowd, and the man Wilson was forthwith seized, his clothes entirely torn from his person, and he was most cruelly beaten upon the he'd and body until he because, unconscious. At this point in the tragedy, Mrs. Willson, the wife of the victim, ran out from a house opposite, and with uplifted hands, and agony of voice truly pitiable to hear, she implored the mob for Heaven's sake to desist and not to kill her husband. This wild appeal caused a lull among the rioters, and in the meantime three men caught up the body of Wilson and conveyed it to his residence. The crowd finding themselves foiled In reference to Greeley alias Wilson, immediately turned their at­tention to HYDE, whom they swore they would hang and burn if caught. In the midst of this excitement the Police made their appearance and scattered the rioters, not however, until Mr. Sinclair's house had been sacked and robbed of everything of value.




      The mob has made several demonstrations upon the gas houses which they seem very anxious to de­stroy in order that they may the better carry out their schemes of plunder under cover of the univer­sal darkness that would follow such a catastrophe.  Frequent threats were made yesterday that they should be burned last night, but the authorities early saw the importance of securing the safety of these establishments, and ample preparations have been made to revel any force that can be brought to bear against them. Still the riot has not been without serious effect in reference to the supply of gas, owing to large numbers of the workmen employed in the gas houses (under the influence of threats from the rioters or from some other cause) leaving their post, as wilt be seen from the following note from the en­gineer of the Manhattan Gas Company ;

To the Editor of the New-York Times :

      Will you please request our citizens to use the gas as sparingly as possible for a couple of nights ; our men having been taken away, the supply of gas is limited.

      Yours, &c.,                                                            Jos. A. Sabbaton,

July 15, 1863                                                                            Engineer.



      A boy, 11 years of age, was brought to the Station-house of this Precinct late on Tuesday night. Some citizens from the corner of Pitt and Delancey streets found him dead in the sheet. He had been stabbed with a bayonet in four different parts of his body. His name was subsequently ascertained to be Wm. H.Thompson. He resided with his parents at No. 38 Sheriff street.

      Nearly one hundred colored persons sought refuge in this Station from the infuriated mob.




      The dry goods store of Messrs. Goldschmidt and Solinger, No. 17 Avenue C, was broken open and sacked by a mob numbering at least a thousand, the most of whom were boys. The entire contents, val­ued at $40,000, were stolen.

      The lumber-yard of Ogden & Co., corner of Avenue C and Fourteenth-street, was set on fire, and the con­tents, valued at $50,000, entirely destroyed.




      About midnight the mob proceeded to the Eigh­teenth Precinct Station house in Second-avenue and set fire to the building. The fire continued for up­wards of two hours. The attack was so unexpected that no resistance could be offered with any prospect of success.




      An attempt was also made to sack the colored church in Lexington-avenue, but by the timely inter­ference of the Police, any violence on this building was prevented.

      The Thirteenth Ward Was the scene of great excite­ment during the night. Bands of thieves, taking ad­vantage of the occasion, joined themselves with the rioters for the purpose of plunder. They went into a lager-bier saloon, on the corner of Governeur and Division streets; and demolished the premises.

      They also demolished another lager-bier saloon in Suffolk-street, between Grand and Hester streets, and drove a number of negroes who resided in the rear of the premises into the street. The colored people, however; took timely refuge in the Tenth Ward Sta­tion-house.

      Throughout Grand-street the scene was almost all night one of Intense excitement. Many of the stores were broken into, and the mob helped themselves to whatever they wanted.

      The women and children which accompanied the mob, supplied themselves freely, and then the citizens of the ward, seeing no chance of any assistance from the City authorities, although there were soldiers in the Station-house near by, straightway held a meeting and resolved to take the law into their own hands. Accordingly, about fifty citizens, armed with all conceivable weapons, attacked the party while they were pillaging the boot and shoe store corner of Grand and Pitt streets and completely dispersed the thieves, capturing five men and one boy.

      Several of the rioters were severely wounded, but they, with the balance of their gang, made good their escape. This drama bad hardly been ended, and the citizens retired to their houses, when a large military force made its appearance. Too much praise cannot be rendered to the citizens of the Thirteenth Ward for the fearless and energetic manner in which they: disposed of these rogues.

      Yesterday morning the Post-Office in this City was threatened but simple means have been taken to protect–it is strongly garrisoned and is supplied with a heavy armament.

      A strong detachment under Capt. Wilkes. acting under orders of Brig. Gen. Brown, were yesterday morning sent to protect the Forty-Second-street Gas house. Everything in that neighborhood is considered safe.

      Yesterday morning a strong mob assembled in front of the residence of Judge White, of the Superior Court of this City and commenced demonstrations of a lawless character. The Judge put out his flag. which the mob ordered him to pull in again : this was refused, and as a consequence, several windows were broken. The crowd, however, were finally arrested by the police.




      It is now ascertained that the body of Col. O’Brien is at the dead-house. His murderers, after beating him in the most merciless manner with stones, bars of iron, bludgeons and sling-shots, stabbed him in several parts of his body and then dragged him through the gutters by a cord around his neck, then threw him into an area way and stood guard over him. His body was at length removed and conveyed by two priests to the dead-house at Bellevue Hos­pital.  He was almost naked and terribly mangled.




      There are three warehouses in the City, one in Worth-street, another in Franklin street, and another in White-street, which contain Government stores and munitions. These have been strongly guarded.

      The Old City Guard, under command of Col. Burtinett, Capts. Jones and McNeal, are strongly posted in at the building in Franklin-street. Col. Rowe is in command of a strong force of regulars in Worth-street, and Col. Vequesack is in command of a strong force on White-street.

      These were all placed in position on Tuesday night. Assistant Provost-Marshal S. J. Glassey, tin­der the direction of Gen. Wool, had the entire man and disposition of the men, and posted them to the best advantage. Everything in these quarters is quiet.




The four Coroners of this City were very busily engaged all day yesterday in holding inquests upon victims of the riot. Coroner Naumann held an inquest upon the body of Martin Haley, who was shot through the head by a pistol in the hands of a Mr. Bairn, at the shoe-store No. 159 Greenwich-street.

      Also, on the body of W. C. Williams, a book-keep­er, residing at No. b7 Clinton avenue, Brooklyn. The deceased was a young married man, of very peacea­ble habits, and took no part in the riot. He was shot through the heart at the burning of the Armory in Second avenue and Twenty-First-street.

      The same Coroner held an inquest on the body of Jane Barby, 10 years of age, who was killed by furni­ture which was thrown upon her at the burning of the Colored Orphan Asylum, in Fifth-avenue.

      Also, on the body of Julia Hennessey, a married woman, aged 35 years, who was shot in her house at No. 209 East Twentieth-street. The woman had fifteen minutes before been confined with an infant. The shot passed through her heart and also killed the child, which was lying beside her.

      An inquest was held on the body of Patrick Flannigan, who was shot in the neck, in Broadway, near Twenty-ninth street, yesterday morning.

      Thomas Riley came to his death from being beaten with clubs at No. 253 East  Twenty-first-street. He was about forty-one years of age, and was one of the leaders in the riots of Monday and Tuesday.

      John Martin was clubbed to death at No. 30 Ham­ilton-street by the mob. He was a respectable man, and took no part in the riot.

      An inquest was held upon Valentine Reuttlin, a German, aged 39 years, who was shot at the burning of the Armory in Twenty-sixth-street. He was one of the ringleaders of the riot.

      Coroners Ranney, Collin and Wildet were also engaged during the whole day in different portions of the City in holding inquests, but owing to the great number of dead, no returns bad been made at the of­fice at a late hour last evening.




      The following officers of the Twenty-fifth Precinct (Broadway Squad) were shot on Tuesday night while on duty between Ninth and Tenth avenues ; Albert D. Robinson, Edward Dipple and John Hodgson. They were taken to the New-York Hospital, where their 'sounds were dressed. They are regarded as being in a very critical condition.




      A great many erroneous reports have been circu­lated about the depredations committed by the mob at Harlem. There is no truth in the report that any of the bridges there have been burned or even mo­lested. The only damage done has been the burning of Mr. Hansin's factory early Tuesday morning. Small hands of the rioters, composed in great part of boys, have amused themselves by prowling about the streets shouting. singing and drinking, and a great many threats have been made, but no violent acts committed except the above. The demonstration in Harlem did not commence till Monday night, after the news of the down-town riot had got generally circu­lated, and by Tuesday night the citizens had fully or­ganized themselves and were prepared to defend themselves and their property. A knowledge of this fact by the rioters probably deterred them from en­tering on a general system of plunder. Most of the men who joined in the prowling gangs are well known there and will brought to justice at the proper time.




      A mob, consisting of men and boys, are going around the different towns and villages in Richmond County, armed with clubs, and at every place their number is increased. They have possession of the arms that were in the Lyceum, and they say it is their intention to go to the County Jail and get a ne­gro, who is confined there, and hang him.

      They are also going to Fort Richmond to get pos­session of the arms at that place ; they also have several houses in view, which they intend to destroy, among them that of John C. Thompson. A small force of military, if on hand, could easily put down this mob.




      The vicinity of Yorkville was also haunted on Tuesday night with the mob, and there being no military or police force on the spot at the time, they had undisputed sway for nearly all night. Several houses were torn down, and a vast amount of irreparable mischief perpetrated. The house of Mr. Gant, of Yorkville, was fired no less than four times, by the marauders, and they at last succeeded in getting it in a full blaze. A reign of terror prevails among the population of this vicinity, many of them have packed up whatever of value they can carry with them In a hasty flight, and have left for the country. The upper part of the town was almost the entire night incomplete possession of the mob.




      The firemen of this City deserve the heartiest thanks and gratitude at the hands of the citizens of our metropolis.

      Notwithstanding the fact that they have run great risks in attempting to extinguish the conflagrations kindled by the mob, they have been fearless and prompt in the execution of their duties.

      In many places where they have been called upon to extinguish the flame of the marauders, they have met with some opposition from the crowd, yet they have persevered fearlessly in the performance of their duties, and have worked untireingly to save property from destruction.

      The citizens cannot be too grateful to this highly useful class in our community. They deserve the beat thanks and gratitude of alt true and law-abiding men.




      Last night the Times Office again presented itself in a state of the most formidable defence. It appeared able to withstand a long siege before it would surrender to the mob.

      Pursuant to the following order, Lieut. Charles B. Smith took command of the defences of this building.

                                                                        Printing House Square. July 15, 1863.

Lieut. Smith.:

      SIR : In my absence you will attend to the defences of this post as now arranged, and are authorized to call upon the troops under command of Capt. Greyerson, and the Light battery

tor support in the event of attack.

                                    (Signed)                                   J. W. Adams,

                                                                                    Col. Commanding.

      Lieut. Smith had under his command about thirty regulars and one hundred and fifty volunteers ; in ad­dition to this, he had two cannon posted—One com­manding Spruce and Nassau streets, the other com­manding the range of Park-place.

      Lieut. SMITH had most judiciously posted sentries along the street, from Spruce-street to Tammany Hall, and from Park Row to Nassau-street, fronting the Times Office.

      These were relieved about 4 o'clock this morning by fresh sentries, and the utmost good order prevail­ed during the entire night.




      The partial illumination of the Times Building on Tuesday night had the Intended effect of annoying the thieves and assassins whose deeds alone befit the darkness. Last night, therefore, for the especial benefit of the mobocracy, the illumination was repeated, but on a more extensive and splendid scale.  Our front on Printing House-square not only cast bright rays far out toward Chatham and Cen­tre streets, eliciting the admiration of all good citizens, but on the Park-row side also the immense flaming eagle, holding the fiery .scroll of Union, gazed fixedly at. the blazing arch of light above, that figured in jets of gold the name of the New-York Times. Seen from Broadway through the softening foliage of the trees in the Park, the was charming enough to all who saw it, save to the scoundrels but for whose threats it would not have been made.




      The scoundrels and roughs—the Blood Tubs and Plug Uglies of Baltimore, and the Schuylkill Rangers and other rowdies of Philadelphia—are reported to have come to the City in large numbers to make common with the Dead Rabbits, Mackerelvillers, and other leading spirits of the riot in their work of carnage and plunder.  The scoundrels cannot afford to miss this golden opportunity of indulging their brutal natures, and at the same time serving their colleagues the Copperheads and seceah sympathizers.




      The Seventh regiment, New-York National Guard arrived last evening from Harrisburgh ; also the Sixty-fifth (Buffalo) regiment, with a battery. They reported to Gov. Seymour. Other regiments will arrive today.




      A special meeting of both Boards of the Common Council was held yesterday, and $2,5000,000 appropriated to pay $300 exemption to poor men who may be drafted. See official report in another column..

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      We are glad to be able to give the Governor of the State of New-York the credit of a purpose

to secure public order and upheld the execution of the laws. Some may think this rather a questionable sort of praise ; but we have fallen upon such times that no man or come munity can feel secure that those who threat­en it may not spring the mine under their feet and hurl them to destruction. The organs which claim to be the Governor's, and the faction of which he is a leader, have within the last two months used language so seditious, revolutionary and atrocious—have made such inflammatory appeals to incite the excitable, and such mendacious statements to deceive the Ignorant—have exhibited such contempt for the laws, the Constitution and the Govern­ment, such disregard for the public welfare, public rights and the' public peace —that many people dreaded the result, and 'feared there was too much truth in the claim put forth by these organs, that the Governor would actively side with their schemes, or else that he would wink at them. But, inde­pendently of the threats of his friends, or of his action. there has latterly been a feeling of security, from the knowledge that the Gov­ernment had determined to put forth its power to execute the laws, and to punish ac­tive resistance thereto, which is treason, as well in New-York as in Virginia ; and in this direction the proclamation of Gen. Dix has been a great aid.

      Gov. Seymour announces that he has re­ceived information that the draft is about to be made in New-York and Brooklyn, and he understands that there is danger of disorder and riot, against which he urges various cogent reasons, and concludes by announcing that riotous proceedings must and shall be suppressed, and by admonishing judicial and executive officers to take vigorous and effec­tive measures to put down any riotous or un­lawful assemblages, and further sets forth that the militia and the whole power of the State will be employed to preserve public order.

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The Mob Unmasked—Its Character and Spirit.

      We advise everybody who wants to study the contortions of wizards who are being torn to pieces by the demons they have themselves evoked, to read carefully the articles of the anti-draft journals of this City upon the late riot. They raised the devil in order to con­found and embarrass the Administration, and, as most of us expected, he behaved like a devil, and they are now tearing their hair, and calling on Heaven to witness that he horribly changed after they first made his acquaintance. They strove in vain to con­trol him by a liberal use of euphemisms, just as the Irish peasantry seek to placate the fairies by calling them "good people," and showered on him such endearing epithets as " the laboring population," " the people," " the oppressed and outraged conscripts"— but in vain. He was not to b cheated into forgetfulness of his true character by any amount of caressing. They had introduced him into our streets, put a whole city at his mercy, and, true to his instincts, he rent and tore everybody within his reach, but especial­ly the weakest, most helpless, most innocent and inoffensive.

The Journal of Commerce has drawn up an elaborate statement of the nature and causes of the riot, (which the World bee adopted,) which maintain that while the feel­ing that led to the outbreak originally 'was one of opposition to the draft, the plundering and robbing as done by the regular profes­sional thieves f the City, and that, therefore, the opponents of the draft are not fairly chargeable with it. Now we are satisfied that it would not be very difficult to show that, however true this may be of the mere robberies from the person committed on individuals in the streets, it is grossly inac­curate as regards the pillage of the numerous houses broken into by the rioters. The tes­timony as to the plundering, both in these and at the Colored Orphan Asylum, is unani­mous to the appearance and character of the persons engaged in it. Able-bodied la­borers broke in the doors and stood guard, while the women and boys carried off the car­pets and furniture and other valuables. There Was no building sacked in which this did not take place, and it is mere waste of paper to ask the New-York public to believe that these were families of regular thieves, in which the fathers do the highway robbery and burglary business, while their wives and children attend to the petty larceny depart­ment. We venture to assert that among all the arrests made of persons accused of sharing in the pillage of Monday and Tues­day of last week, or found with stolen carpets and bedding in their possession, not six are regular thieves previously known to the Police. The persons, in short, who sacked houses, were seen by too many in broad day­light, and were too open in their dealings, to make any mystification as to their real char­acter possible. They were mainly—for, of course, the regular thieves were not idle—neither more nor less than the poorest and must ignorant of the laborers and wives of laborers, who had been lashed into frenzy by' the assurance of demagogues that they were about to be dragged unlawfully into the field, to be killed for the benefit of " the niggers ;" and that the rich had so managed it that they were to pay three hundred dollars and stay at home quietly, while the poor men did all the fighting. From this impression, which has been carefully nursed and diffused by every Democratic journal in this City, there result­ed intense hostility to the blacks, and a wild desire to be avenged on property ; for, as a correspondent showed in these columns on Monday, the Irish have not naturally the slightest prejudice against color, and he might have added—or the slightest tinge of communistic hatred of the rich, in their coin-position.

We are far from accusing any of our co-temporaries of having instigated the riot knowing that it would result in or be attended with murder and pillage. We have not yet got to such a depth of degradation that even political partisans are utterly reckless as to the consequences of the commotions they excite. What the Copperhead orators and writers really desired—and we say unhesitat­ingly that they must either have desired it or their speeches and articles for the last four months on the subject of the draft and the war have been utterly meaningless—was that the resistance to the conscription should be organized, and strictly confined to that ob­ject—that no one should be harmed but the officers of the Government or the troops or po­lice engaged in executing their orders, and that it should be so determined, that the Ad­ministration would be frightened into retreat. If half which the World and Messrs. Wood and Seymour have said, both of the nature of the Enrollment act, and of the intentions of the Government—and said in the bitterest and most inflammatory language—were true, such resistance would have been the duty of people less ignorant and. excitable than the ruffians who burnt negro houses under the Died Scott decision.

      These agitators now pretend to be as much horrified as any of us at the turn things have taken, and beg of us to believe that the resist­ance to the draft and the pillage were two separate affairs, conducted by different par­ties. The public, however, knows better, and we know better. We have always denounced inflammatory addresses to the multitude, counseling and suggesting resist­ance to the law, because we believed what is now proved, that popular risings against the Government in such a society as ours, mean and will always mean anarchy, with its attendant horrors ; that you cannot call anti-draft men into the streets of a large city, with pistols and clubs, and leave the thieves and murderers at home ; and that if you ex­cite a social convulsion for any purpose what­ever, you must bear the responsibility of all the consequences of it. If you send men to burn the Provost Marshal’s office, you will be answerable before God and man for the burning of the houses adjoining it, which may fol­low it, and which in this instance did follow it. Our whole social and our whole political system is based on the understanding that there is but one mode of getting rid of the operation of unpopular laws, and that is by voting ; and we denounce as novel, and as borrowed from the armory of European dema­gogues or malcontents, the threats and the sug­gestions of resistance by violence which have of late been so largely resorted to by the leaders of the opposition in this City. If we are to have peace, we must have the language of peace, and must not have even the possibility of a resort to armed force held up to the minds of the thousands now among us who have been bred in European notions of the relations between the Government and the governed. If they are to be taught by American jour­nalists that they must rely on the same weapons for protection against the Govern­ment of the United States that they were ac­customed in Europe to consider their only hope of deliverance, we shall all have to resort eventually to the same means of pro­tection against their madness and folly, which now stands between the intelligence and property of European nations and the frantic violence of the " dangerous classes."

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Destruction of the Material Ito the Times


From the Troy Whig, July 18.

      The excitement in respect to the draft, intensi­fied by the riotous proceeding in New-York City, the drafting commenced. on Tuesday for this Con­gressional District, and rumors of military preparations for suppressing an y violent resistance to the conscription, culminated yesterday in a riotous demonstration that involved the destruction, to a large extent, of the materials of the Times establishment.

      The affair grew out of a procession that was formed t the Nail Factory about nine o'clock in the morning, having music and bearing the "Stars and Stripes." The procession was composed of mechanics, mainly employed at the iron establishments of the Ward. On proceeding up, the mechanics and laborers of the Ninth end Eighth Wards were notified to quit work. Many of them joined the procession, and others suspended labor ; many factories and stores closing as the demonstration approached the centre and upper portions of the city.

      On passing Washington-square, the number in line was some five or six hundred. This number was !,constantly increased on the route, which extended Jo town as far as Mount Olympus in the Tenth Ward, where, after enlisting such as could be induced to join them, they turned the head of their column southward. On their way up, they rung the bell of St. Peter's Church, which caused the alarm of are at about 12 o'clock. No damage was done to property of individuals until after the crowd had passed on their return the Troy House. The num­bers at this point amounted to some two or three thousand.

      On reaching the corner of First and River streets, the head of the column crossed over In the direction of the Times office, and threatened violence to that establishment. Ex-Mayors Griswold arid McComas, and many other prominent citizens—in the absence of the Mayor from the city—expostulated with the rioters, urging the crowd to withdraw.

      Regardless of this, the doors of the Time: office were crushed in–a number of persons entered tire building, and in a few moments the material of the establishment was being thrown from the windows of the different stories. Everything within reach was destroyed, excepting the presses and engine, which were too substantial to be easily removed or material­ly injured.

      This having been accomplished, the excitement ap­peared to begin to subside—the main object of the rioters appeared to have been accomplished–they hail made a demonstration of anti-conscription strength before which all ordinary police means were power­less, and had sacked the Times office.

      The Whig office appeared for a time in peril, but no concerted demonstration was made against it. The danger was its Proximity to the Times establishment, against which the vengeance of the crowd was main­ly directed.

      The riotous portion of the crowd now gradually dispersed—falling off in groups to different sections of the city. At different times the Telegraph the Provost-Marshal's office. the residence of Martin L. Townsend, &C., were threatened,. but the expostu­lations of influential parties prevented violence in those directions.

      The Liberty-street Presbyterian Church (colored) was saved from destruction. by the prompt interference of Rev. Messie Havermans and McDonough. The last named gentleman took a position in front of the building. and knocked down one of the leaders of the mob. Other citizens also aided in saving the

      Rev. Mr. Havermans addressed the mob from the Whig office, hut with little effect, as the noise of the debris from the Times office rendered has re­marks inaudible.

      So far as we have heard, no person violence was committed, and no person seriously injured, although several pistol shots were beard, and many of the rioters were armed with furnace hammers and iron bars.

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Continuation of the Riot—The
Mob Increased in




Encounters Between the Mob, the Metro-
politans and the Military.



Large Numbers of the Rioters






Streets Barricaded, Buildings Burned,
Stores Sacked, and Private
Dwellings Plundered.



Gov. Seymour in the City—He Addresses the
Mob and Issues a Proclamation.



Increased Preparations on the
Part of the Authorities.



The Mercantile Community Aroused–
Citizens Volunteering ea Masse.




      The reign of the mob which was inaugurated on Monday morning has not yet ceased, although to­day will probably witness the end of its infamous usurpation. All Monday night the rioters, uncheck­ed, prosecuted their depredations, and yesterday morning found the lawless spirit not a whit abated. On the contrary, the malignant originators of the disturbance grew bolder at the impunity with which they were necessarily permitted to indulge in their first day's career, and at one time more serious con­sequences than any which have yet occurred were threatened. Happily, however, the military and police authorities early in the day recovered from the partial paralysis into which the sudden demonstra­tions of the mob had thrown them, and in sufficient

force were able to contend with the truly formidable organization of lawless men. A few wholesome but severe lessons were administered to the rioters during the day wherever they showed themselves most turbulent, and toward evening there seemed to be un­mistakable indications that the supremacy of law would soon be acknowledged even by the most rabid of the offenders. Perhaps, however, the mere fact that a score or more of the rioters were killed in the various conflicts with the military and the police was not solely the cause of this abatement of the spirit of violence. The proclamation of Gov. Horatio Seymour, and the announcement, made early in the afternoon, that President Lincoln had ordered the draft in this City to be suspended, may also have had something to do with restoring the malcontents to reason. At any rate, after nightfall the streets were comparatively quiet.

      There is no question that the rioting yesterday was engaged in by vastly larger numbers than on Mon­day, and the spectators of the disorderly scenes were increased also by many thousands. This may be ac­counted for by the fact that all the large manufactur­ing establishments were closed, labor on the docks and at the ship-yards was suspended, and every branch of business was arrested, leaving thousands of persons at liberty to participate in the excesses, either passively as spectators, or in an active man­ner.

      In the movements of the mob yesterday, moreover, there was no mistaking the fact that pillage was the prime Incentive of the majority. " Resistance to the draft" was the flimsiest of veils to cover the wholesale plan during which characterized the operations of the day.

      Our reporters record their observations and the incidents they have been able to collect, as follows :

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Affairs South—An Anglo-Rebel View

From the Special Correspondent of the Times.


      Richmond, Tuesday, June 14, 1884.

      Richmond, revisited at this moment ay one why has been familiar with its inhabitants during their last two years of agony, recalls feelings such as those which, according to the late Mr. Rogers, ani­mate the breasts of very old men in their ghostlike wanderings through the streets of London. " The West-end," said he, "seems to me one vast cemetery. Hardly a street but has in it a house once occupied by dear friends with whom I had daily intercourse ; if I stopped and knocked now, who would know or take interest in me ? The streets to me are peopled with shadows ; the city is as a city of the dead." How much more is this the case in little Richmond, peopled by a simple and affectionate community, looped together as it were by the ties of one large family, To me personally there is scarcely a street or corner which does not recall a friend—and in such times friendships seem firmer and warmer than in gala-days—whose voice still rings in my ear, though now hushed forever. Few of the English visitors who have in the last three years braved the difficulties of entering Secessia will have heard of " Jeb Stuart's " death without hearty regret, With some superficial and venial faults of harmless vanity, Gen. Stuart was the most creditable impersonation of what is called in this country the Southern cavalier. Fearless to a fault, singularly enduring of fatigue, never sick, never absent from duty, never daunted nor dispirited, he died as he has lived, after baffling with 2,000 men the advance of thrice that number of horsemen, the most cheerful of victims to a cause for which he would have given a thousand lives. His loss is bewailed by Gen. Lee as that of a son. No such active or efficient agent in fathoming the designs and numbers of his enemy will be found by Gen. Lee, let this war last as long as it may. 

      It will be of small interest were I to recapitulate personal details about many other Southern Generals who have fallen since the commencement of May, and who, to England, are Mae more than names. But it will have been a satisfaction to many to learn, 'Bat upon the same plank-road which, upon May 2, 1863, witnessed the death-wound of Stonewall Jackson, Gen. Longstreet dangerously struck in the throat by a Southern bullet, escaped death upon May 6, 1864, although receiving, after three years of unparalleled exposure, his hazardous wound. You will have learnt that upon the previous day two Confederate divisions—those of Heth and Wilcox—held their ground long and nobly against overwhelming numbers of their toe. They were to be relieved in the night ; and the men, worn down by exertion, looked for a brief repose as they scanned their thin numbers, when, before the dawn of the 6th of May, heavy tines of the enemy, massed in the night, and following each other in quick succession, dashed upon their enfeebled ranks. They stood gallantly, for a while ; but at last, shrinking before the compact masses burled upon them, they commenced a retreat, which from a walk grew into a run, from a run info a demoralized rout. At this moment there was advancing along the plank-road the hardy corps which Longstreet has so long led. Into their leading files dashed, at headlong speed and in wild disarray, the broken ranks of Heth & Willcox, mingled with fieldpieces, ambulances, caissons, runaway horses, and shouting offi­cers striving to bear up against the rout, but whirled along in its resistless current. Beside the road was Gen. Lee, irritated and excited beyond precedent, and eager to stem the torrent of flight by catching hold of any organized body of men and launching them in Person against the head of the advancing stream. Upon this hurly-burly of confusion and alarm supervened at the most critical moment the unshrinking constancy of Gen. Longstreet and his corps. Riding up to Gen. Lee, be said : " General, my men have seen such scenes before and will not be daunted ; wait, and you shall see the enemy driven like chaff before the wind." Right nobly did his men, and especially Kershaw's division, verify their General's confident promise. The onward rush of Federals was stayed; at their head fell Gen. Wadsworth, gallantly yield­ing his life for what he believed the holiest of causes ; the Confederates swept forward irresistibly, and the ground on which Heth and Willcox had bivouacked passed again into their hands. At this moment Longstreet, after brief consultation with Gen. Lee, suggested a flank movement not dissimilar to that by which twelve months before the bloody day of Chancellorsville was decided by Jackson. It was commenced, the promise of the first movement was richly encouraging. Gens. Longstreet and Jenkins rode in great glee with their staff along the plank road, when one of those unforeseen accidents which are inseparable from war, and doubly hazardous with undisciplined troops, checked 'in an. instant all laughter and mer­riment. A volley at short range, issuing from Mahone’s brigade of Confederates as they poured obliquely through the tangled undergrowth of the Wilderness, struck Longstreet’s little party like a white equally ; Gen. Jenkins sprung high from his saddle and fell dead with -a bullet through his brain ; Longstreet himself lay stretched in the road pulseless and inanimate, and, as all thought, with but few minutes of life left in him. Instantly the flank movement was arrested. About an hour later, Longstreet awaking from his swoon, exclaimed to Dr. Cullen, “In another half hour, but my wound, there would not have been a Yankee regiment stand-14g and unbroken on the south of the Rapidan."

      It is not desirable that I should trace seriatim the military movements which have brought Gens. Lee and Grant, locked in a kind of death-grapple, down from the bank of the Rapidan on May 3 to the bank of the James on June 3. Most of your readers are familiar with the circular iron swing gate through which it is the custom of visitors to make their exit from the Zoological-gardens, and which stands op­posite to the main entrance to the gardens. They will remember that at that gate there are four rota­tory wings, revolving on the same axis, which, as they swing round, pass through the instenaces of four other stationary wings, or fixed grates, which-are attached immovably to the same axis as their revolving brethren. Conceive the movable revolving wings to be the army of Gen. Grant, conceive the fixed gates to be the army of Gen. Lee, and you have a rough diagram of the tactics adopted by both armies in these recent battles. It will be remembered that on May 3 Grant began to launch his mighty army across the Rapidan,' and found himself confronted by Gen. Lee on May 5 'and 6 in the dense labyrinth of the Wilderness. Few students of military history will fail to be struck by the resemblance which this impervious region of Virginia bears to the gloomy and tangled glades which upon Dec. 3, 1800, witnessed the defeat by the French army of the Archduke John and his Austrians, and coupled for ever in a bracket of fame the names of Moreau and Hohenlinden. It is known to your readers that, thanks to the opportune arrival  of Gen. Longstreet and his corps on the morning of the 6th, the Federals were heavily countered in the Wilderness and driven back with terrific loss. But, nothing daunted, Grant set to work with characteristic energy to execute his predetermined plan of advance. Masking his with­drawal from the front behind very heavy lines of skirmish he retired his right wing and swung behind his centre and left, upon the morning of the 7th, toward Spottsylvania Court-house. He had already secured the only direct roads leading in that direction, and made sure that Lee would have to fail back in contusion or submit to be cut off from Rich­mond. But he did not count upon the rare sagacity of his opponent, which in these recent battles, no less than at Chancellorsville, has amounted to the intuition of military genius. Quickly penetrating his adversary's design, Lee began to race with him for Spottsylvania Court-house, a point where several roads converge like the radii of a man's outstretched fingers, and possessing under the circumstances eminent military importance. The roads through the forest had, as I have said, been secured by Grant. Lee quickly set to work, and with his excellent corps of sappers and miners (a body of men whose need he had last year severely felt at Chancellorsville, and which lie has since called into existence and organized) cut a way through the trees and brushwood for his fieldpieces and caissons. The revolving shuttle of Gen. Grant's right wing swung rapidly round upon its axis, but pith no other result than to find itself barred at Spottsylvania Court-house by the immovable grate presented by the right wing of Gen. Lee’s army. Slowly the two armies threw near to each other once more, but Gen. Lee, well knowing his opponent's character, awaited with calmness, and behind the slight earthworks which are dignified in this country with the name of intrenchments, the onslaught of the Federals. After four days of heavy skirmishing, from the 8th to the 11th of May Inclusive, the great shock of Grant’s attack was delivered on the 12th. I question whether in the annals of modern history so frightful a slaugh­ter has ever been inflicted by an army acting on the defensive upon its assailants. It has again and again been remarked in this war that there is but one way to get sustained energy of attack out of the Federals, and that is, to throw them in swiftly-succeeding lines, and treading close upon each other's heels, upon their enemy's guns. I know not in how many lines the hapless Federals—too often, I fear, blinded with whisky—were upon this bloody day thrown into the deadly hailstorm which smote them like a destroying angel, but the evidence that the slaughter of Ball's Bluff, Shiloh, Chancellorsville, Murfreesboro, or Get­tysburg was but as child's play compared with the car­nage of Spottsylvania Court-house is ample and irresistible. Savage and callous as SUWARROW, Grant drove his victims, line after line, upon the death-dealing val­leys of their foe. At intervals the smoke lifted, and disclosed a dead, dying, writhing mass of humanity, such as has not been witnessed before during this century, if I except the scene which, on the morn­ing of the 8th of September, 1812—the day after the hitherto bloodiest battle of civilization—was to be seen in front of the great redoubt of Borodino. It is not for me to estimate the damage which, be­tween the commencement of his campaign and the close of the battle of the 12th, Grant’s army sustained for I have lived long enough in the neigh­borhood of Gen. Lee to share his unwillingness to guess at the loss Inflicted upon his foe. That this loss is unprecedented Is abundantly manifest from the mingled cry of pride and agony which has gone up from the Northern journals, and I am in a posi­tion to apprise them of the cost to the Confederates at which that loss was inflicted, The estimate of Gen. Lee, based upon the fullest returns from the medical directors of each corps, places his killed, wounded and missing in the battles of the Wilder­ness and Spottsylvania Court-house at 12,000 men, all told. If it be true, as is here generally supposed, that these two terrible battles have carried the Con­federates over the slope of the dividing line which separates them from plenary independence, it may, be said that,—

      " Tantae molis erat Romanam condere gentem."

      The interest of the campaign, so far as it has hither­to been conducted, culminated at Spottsylvania Court-house. Again, but not with such promptitude as after the battle of the Wilderness, Grant essayed his old flanking policy, and Lee was heard to exclaim "Let him circle round where he likes, he will in the end always and me before him." Once more the ar­mies faced each other to the south of the Pamunkey River, and Grant, who had sacrificed thousands upon thousands of his men in reaching a position which McClellan gained in 1862 with the loss of a few hundreds, established incontrovert­ibly the sagacity of the latter General's strategy by selecting the White-house on the Pamunkey River, as the base of his further opera­tions against. Richmond. It was not until the 3d of June that the armies came for the third time into im­portant collision, in the neighborhood of the old battlefields of 1862, near Cold Harbor, at a distance of not more than nine miles from Richmond. But it was abundantly evident that the fury of the storm bad spent itself at Spottsylvania, The attack, it is true, was supported with the vigor which such battles as Fredericksburgh and Chancellorsville had proved the Federals to possess, but there was about it little of the fierce élan which Grant had at first breathed into his troops, and which they manifested in the battles at the commencement of May. It was repulsed with a facility which has led Northern journals to sneer at the loss acknowledged on that day by the Confederates, and which, as compared with the damage in­flicted upon and acknowledged by Gen. Grant, seems hardly credible. It is forgotten that almost for the first time in three years of war the Confederates fought at Spottsylvania Court-house and Cold Harbor behind field-works. Nor can it be doubted that the callous ferocity of the Federal General's disposition, his reckless and lavish expenditure of life, his disre­gard of the unburied dead and the agonized wounded, have begun latterly to tell upon the ardor of his men, and to estrange confidence and affection from breasts in which three weeks ago they abounded to overflow­ing.

      It is not necessary to say more about the effort of Gen. Butler upon the south side of the James River than that it would probably have been much more formidable if conducted by a soldier. It, after the first landing of 40,000 Federals at the mouth of the Appomattox River, ordinary vigor had been manifested, it is difficult to see how Petersburgh, distant some ten miles from the James River, could been saved. As it was, ample time was given to Gen. Beauregard to gather up a force from Charles­ton and Wilmington, and he had little difficulty in scattering Butler’s forces to the winds in a well-planned night attack, which lacked little of compassing the utter annihilation of Butler. The attack which Grant has led has been the most persistent, energetic and intrepid onslaught which Lee has ever been called on to stem ; the attack of Butler upon Petersburg h has exhibited neither ability nor courage in the General who planned it, neither spirit nor per­sistence in the troops which conducted it.

      I must confess myself at a loss when speaking of Confederate prospects in Northern Georgia. There is little to reassure those who contemplate the nu­merous retreats of Gen. Johnston, without his strik­ing a blow for the fine wheat district which he has surrendered, within three weeks of the harvest, to the enemy, to say nothing of the iron rolling-mills and Government works abandoned at Rome and on the Etowah River. It is possible that the ability and energy of Gen. Sherman, (who is here considered a more formidable antagonist than Grant,) and the strength of his army may necessitate great prudence on the part of Gen. Johnston ; but I have hoard more than one complaint that the Confederate army of the West is larger and better appointed than any army intrusted since the commencement of the war to either of Gen. Johnston’s predecessors, Judging from present appearances, Atlanta, if preserved, will owe its salvation more to the distance which divides it from Gen: Sherman's base at Chattanooga than to the strenuous blows of its Confederate defenders. It is not necessary for me to say more about the trans-Mississippi Department than that the Federal grasp upon Louisiana and Texas is now resolved into little more than the tenure of New-Orleans. For the last ten days no aggressive movements have been under­taken against either Richmond or Petersburgh, and the rumor prevails that, although a force of not less than 220,000 men has been engaged in the operations  conducted by Gens. Grant and Butler, there is an urgent cry for more men—to be poured, as seems probable, into that great abyss of slaughter which has already engulfed so many of their predecessors.

      Languid as is the interest of Europe the details of .the American war, it will be, strange if, when the details of the Spring campaign of 1864 in Virginia be­come thoroughly known, the name of Gen. Robert E. Lee is not inscribed upon the brightest rolls of military fame. It is seldom that full justice is rendered to military genius coincidently with the achievement of the victories which reveal it. It took years for England to understand and ap­preciate the sagacity and foresight which checked Massena before the lines of Torres Vedras, and converted a momentary mistake of Marmont into the rout of Salamanca. There are French books in existence which saw the light just after Ma­rengo, and which, in spite of the Italian campaign of 1796, deny to Napoleon the possession of anything approaching to military genius. But if, as now seems probable, the whole campaign of Gen. Grant ends in conspicuous failure, the penetrating forethought which has unraveled Grant’s every design, and which has anticipated his every move, the vigor and prudence which have so handed a vastly inferior army as to inflict at the cost of less than 15,000 men a loss upon the Federals of five or six times that number, and the moral qualities which have converted in every Southern breast esteem into love and love into enthusiastic devotion will conspire to make Robert E. Lee’s memory a possession which, in this land of hero worship, his country will cherish, as she cherishes and rejoices in her new-born and hardly-acquired freedom.

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The New Military Aspect

      The battles fought and won in the East and in the West, at the beginning of July, were followed by a period of eleven weeks in which no operations of greater importance were undertaken than those of Gen. Gillmore in the harbor of Charleston. In that period ' the army of Gen. Meade moved from Pennsylvania to the Rapidan ; the army of Gen. Grant was cut up, and detach­ments of it sent from Vicksburgh down and up the Mississippi ; the army of Gen. Rosecrans moved from Murfreesboro to the Ten­nessee River ; but none of these move­ments were interrupted by the reb­els. Our lesser armies, too, had suc­cesses and reverses, but no serious actions, if we except one. Gen. Steele seized the capital of Arkansas ; Gen. Franklin was repulsed from Texas ; Gen. Burnside cap­tured Knoxville and Cumberland Gap ; Gen. Gillmore, after a brisk struggle, reduced Fort Sumter and the two works on Morris Island. During these months of comparative repose, everything military looked bright and hope­ful. Rebel armies defeated, strongholds cap­tured, territory occupied, rebel lines contract­ed, rebel forces demoralized, and the rebel Confederacy apparently in the throes of disso­lution. Our armies all strong, well planted, well led, filled with the spirit of victory, and needing only to deal a few more blows upon the enemy, and then fold up their battle-flags and contemplate the glories of the triumph achieved. The thought of defeat, the pos­sibility of retreat, the idea that the rebellious storm, so nigh quelled, would again gather force and break in devastation over the land, entered into no man's mind, or, at all events, found no expression. Public con­fidence has never been as high during the war as in July, August and September of the current year ; and there never was such good ground for it. It seemed as if we could almost descry the dawning of the morning of peace over a Union reconstructed, and a nation braced up and made stronger by the bloody hurricane under which it had passed. In common with all others, we saw the brightenning prospect, and gave expression to the universal hope. From time to time we earnestly warned the public not to give way to over-confidence-not to consider the struggle as over while the rebels had hundreds of thousands of men in the field and gave vent only to expressions of defiance. But as things stood a fortnight ago, we certainly considered that, if only our good fortune were maintained, the Confederacy must speedily totter to its fall.

      While we still hold our ground firmly, though, in Virginia and on the Mississippi, it is in the centre and at the really vital mili­tary point that our progress has met with a check and our arms a repulse, whose full measure, we trust, is expressed in the fact that Gen. Rosecrans has fallen back to Chat­tanooga. While this was the only point at which the rebels could expect to win a success, while it was the most im­portant point at which they could gain a victory, (excepting only Wash­ington,) it was really the last point at which disaster to our arms was looked for by the people of the North. The rebels had never won a single important battle in the central region, and there seemed less prospect than ever of their winning one now. But it was our previous successes that made it possible for them to win. The triumphs of Gen. Grant on the Mississippi River—at which they could never hope to retrieve their fortunes—set loose for other work the rebel troops which had so long been held in that region. The rebel defeat at Gettysburg showed them the impossibility of overcoming the Army of the Potomac, and stimulated them to send their columns to the centre to try their hands on another field. The over-confidence of our military authorities and our people enabled them to play their game adroitly, and with some suc­cess. Had the military authorities properly appreciated the situation, apprehended the dangers, and foreseen the inevitable policy and strategy of the rebels, and had the army of Gen. Grant, after its victory at Vicksburgh, been dispatched north to cooperate with Gen. Rosecrans, the field of Chicamauga would never have been fought, or, bad it been,. it would have resulted in our army next un­furling its banners at Atlanta.

     The duty now is clear. Our present field of activity is on the Tennessee. Jun. Davis has concentrated there his most powerful ar­my, and, in his own words, he is determined to succeed if It cost him all his armies. Our strongest army should confront his. Rein­forcements should be hastened forward to Gen. Rosecrans to enable him to maintain his ground and crush his adversary. Of course, at the same time, we must bold a strong line in Virginia, and be watchful lest, changing his programme and seizing his op­portunity, Jim Davis order Longstreet East as quickly as he ordered him West. But from one quarter or another, Rosecrans should have a reinforcement of thirty thou­sand men even before September glides into October.

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The Treatment of the Union Soldier by the People of Gettysburgh

Frederick, Md., Tuesday, July 21, 1863.

      Your correspondent has been favored with a copy of a communication addressed to the editor of the TIMES, through the Gettysburgh Star, signed by some twenty clerical and professional gentlemen, (not residents of Gettysburgh.) who devote a column, and a half in reply to some strictures I made not tong since upon the unpatriotic and illiberal conduct of many citizens of Gettysburgh and vicinity during the presence of the National army.

      The names of these reverend gentlemen were sought for, I suppose, to give additional weight to the. reply. A considerable portion of the document is composed of ungentlemanly personal insinuations, which would coma with a better grace from the throats of the Copperhead mobites of your City than. from throats encircled by white neck-cloths. With these personalities, however, neither the public nor the Times have anything to do, and I pass them over.

      The main point in the whole matter is that not • material fact of my statement is successfully contro­verted. Great stress is laid upon the fact that the-houses of Gettysburgh are (or were) full of wounded. I knew that before I left. I helped fill a number of them. But we were obliged to do, in most cases, as we do in Virginia—appropriate the nearest and best buildings without asking any questions, and though there were places where they asked our wounded to-come, yet I was so unfortunate as not to become cognizant of more than one or two of them.

      I purposely withheld three-fourths of the accounts of shameful conduct which came to my ears, and will scarcely multiply them here. I will refer these critical clergymen to such officers as Maj. Gen. Butterfield, Maj. Gen. Slocum, Maj. Gen. Pleasanton, Brig. Gen. Ward, Col. Brewster, and hundreds of other officers of equal and less rank, whose experi­ences were far more unpleasant than mine.

      Undoubtedly many of the citizens of Gettysburgh and vicinity are patriotic and generous, but they had a very queer manner of snowing it. When two soldiers who died front wounds in one of the churches were buried, the citizens who did it brought in a bill to the surgeons for $10! and when the dead horses in the streets became a stench in the nostrils of even the citizens of Gettysburgh, they asked for a detail of sol­diers to remove them, instead of removing the nuis­ance themselves ! Arid before the Wood of the heroic men shed among the batteries in the cemetery was fairly dry upon the ground, a bill of seventeen hundred dollars damages was presented for payment! Cali you this "intelligence and rennement ?"

      Nobody doubts that, since the battle, the people of Gettysburg have been tender and kind to our wounded. But so are our bitterest enemies in Virginia. Nobody doubts, since the' have been taught how, that the people of Adains County are doing all that their illiberal definition of the term " patriotism " will allow. No one doubts hut they have suffered at the hands of both armies. But what are their brief sufferines, what pang of pain can they endure, what sacrifices can they make, of which their gallant de­liverers are not worthy ? The Army of the Potomac had a right to expect a more enthusiastic greeting in loyal Pennsylvania than in rebel Virginia, and yet there were fewer national banners displayed in Gettysburgh, when our troops finally entered the place as victors, than there have been on the route of many a cavalry gallopade through the heart of Virginia.

      Our officers and soldiers all had plenty of money. They bought freely everything eatable that was to be hail, but that was no reason for extorting from them prices sufficient to compensate for the losses inflicted by the enemy.

      I mean to do no man nor community injustice. If there is a man or woman in Gettysburgh or Adams County who did their whole duty in that trying crisis, they may consider themselves, as outside of this con­troversy, and they will receive the thanks of every generous and patriotic heart. But it will take the statements of even more than twenty clergymen to eradicate the experiences and the undeniable facts which came to my knowledge in Gettysburgh. When the Army of the Potomac votes the citizens of Gettysburgh as gallant, generous and patriotic, then I shall believe it. Not before.                                    L. L. CROUNSE.


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The Last of the Dead Buried—Condition of the Wounded—The Battle-field and Rello Gatherers.


      Gettysburgh, Saturday, July 11, 1863.

      The last of the rebel dead on the battle-field were buried only yesterday. They were principally found near the foot of Round Top Ridge, where some of the most terrific fighting of the battle took place, between a portion of Longstreet's forces and the Excelsior brigade. The bodies numbered, in all, about fifty. Quite a number, nearer the centre, had been buried the day previous. Decomposition had progressed so far as to render it impossible to handle the bodies at all, and graves were necessarily dug close by the side of them, and they simply turned over into them. The dead horses which have been strewn over the field for miles around since the battle, emit­ting the most offensive odor, are also now being rap­idly buried.

      There are still about three thousand wounded in the principal hospitals throughout the village, all of whom are well cared for. There are in addition to this number about a thousand rebel wounded in the place, nearly all of whom are in the Pennsylvania College building, which is used as a hospital ; it is the best and most spacious building in the place, and was taken possession of as a hospital during the first day's fight on Wednesday. Most of the rebel wounded are under the care of Dr. H. D. Fraske, Division Sur­geon under the rebel Gen. Anderson. The rest of them are under the care of Dr. W. B. Reulison, of New-York City, who has chief charge of the Cavalry corps Hospital, at the Presbyterian church, which is one of the very best conducted hospitals in the place.  Gov. Curtin has been here for a couple of days, giving his personal attention to the wounded and other­wise making himself useful.

     The battle-field is visited daily by thousands of people from all sections of the country. Many come in quest Of those who have fallen in battle, while most of them come through sheer curiosity. Thou­sands of dollars' worth of guns and other military Valuables, are carried away by them from the field, notwithstanding the pretended vigilance of those charged with the duty of preventing such offences, and the ground for Miles, in all directions is still thickly strewn with all manner of such articles. The Village is, of necessity, very much crowded, and hundreds of visitors are obliged to seek the hospitali­ty of private dwellings, the hotels being wholly in­capable of accommodating them all. Most of the citizens remained to the place during the battle, and those who did go away have again returned, and once more resumed their usual callings. There is but little business, however, as yet, of any kind transacted, nearly all the merchandise having been carried away either by the rebels when in possession of the place, or by the owners of the property themselves; and most of the citizens are devoting themselves almost exclusively to the care of the wounded. There were several citizens wounded during the progress of the battle, but only one killed—Miss Minnie Wade, a young lady about 20 years of age, who was in her dwelling at the time.

      The most authentic intelligence here to-day locates Lee's army as intrenching, itself between Hagerstown and the old Antietam battle-field, the distance between the two points being about nine miles, and his lines running parallel with the river. Hagers­town is six miles this side of Williamsport, which is the nearest point on the river, and the rebel pickets extend eight miles from the former place in this direction. The general impression is that Lee does not wish to fight again this side of the river, and that his intrenching is simply a feint to enable him to cross the river as soon as it becomes fordable, which must be soon unless we should have another heavy rain within a day or two. That this fact is properly appreciated by Gen. Meade there is every reason to suppose, and hence he is hourly expected to make an attack with his whole army.                                                                   AJAX.

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November 17, 2007


PHILADELPHIA, Sunday Afternoon, July 5.

sensation report is current here that 20,000 rebels, and 118 guns have been captured, and that Lee asked an armistice of 48 hours to bury his dead and take charge of his wounded, to which Gen. Meade replied that an unconditional surrender could only be entertained. No confirmation of these -reports eceived.

     PHILADELPHIA. Sunday, July 5.
     The Journal
publishes the following in an extra :

     Baltimore, Sunday, July 5-11:30 A. M.
     The war-correspondence of the Journal has just ar­rived iron] yesterday's battle-field. tie states that the rent of Gen. Lee was thorough and complete. Gen. Meade has nut only captured 20,000 rebels. but recaptured all our own troops, who were previously in the bands of the enemy.

     Three o'clock P. is really true that Las has been totally routed, and is seeking to escape. Pleasanton cut off his retreat in the Gap leading to Chamersburgh.

     We took 118 pieces of artillery. and from 15,000 to 20 WO prisoners, and all they took of us in the first day's fight. We hold the town of Gettysburgh and all the hospitals. It Is a complete victory.

     Philadelphia, Sunday, July 5-11 P. M.
gentleman who lives on the road to Fayetteville, fifteen miles from Gettysburgh, and who arrived day, says that at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, he heard heavy firing which continued until dark. This morning it again commenced at an early hour and continued tilt 7 o'clock, but not nearly as heavy as the night before. He left at 9 o'clock and the firing had not been renewed. The sound was in the direc­tion of Gettysburgh.

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